the science of exploding car battery’s

Cars and truck batteries are referred to as “lead acid” because they use plates of lead submerged in sulfuric acid to shop and launch electric power. This modern technology has really been around given that the 18th century, and also it isn’t terribly effective from either an energy-to-weight or energy-to-volume viewpoint. They do have a superb power-to-weight proportion, which essentially just suggests that they are great at supplying the high degrees of on-demand current required by auto beginners.

The drawback of lead acid batteries, apart from that they aren’t an extremely efficient method to store energy, is that they’re comprised of relatively hazardous materials, and also those harmful materials can communicate in harmful ways. The visibility of lead is the key factor that vehicle batteries have to be meticulously as well as correctly thrown away, as well as the presence of sulfuric acid is why you have to make sure when handling them, unless you want holes consumed in your garments or chemical burns on your skin.

Obviously, the threat that we’re particularly worried about below is an unexpected and also devastating surge, and the resource of that specific risk streams from the interaction between the lead and also sulfuric acid in a battery. Small amounts of hydrogen gas are produced throughout both the procedure of discharge and also during charging, and hydrogen is very flammable. When a battery has discharged to the point where it could no longer power a starter motor, there’s constantly an opportunity that some quantity of hydrogen gas is still remaining inside the battery, or dripping out of the battery, just waiting for an ignition resource. The exact same holds true of a battery that has actually just been charged, as billing– as well as especially overcharging– with a high voltage leads to the formation of both oxygen as well as hydrogen. If your Headlights are Dim thats the first sign of a exploding battery.


An Introduction to Lithium Batteries

A battery is an electrochemical device. This means that it converts chemical energy into electrical energy. Rechargeable batteries can convert in the opposite direction because they use reversible reactions. Every cell is composed of a positive electrode called a cathode and a negative electrode called an anode. The electrodes are placed in an electrolyte and connected via an external circuit that allows electron flow.

Early lithium batteries were high-temperature cells with molten lithium cathodes and molten sulfur anodes. Operating at around 400 degrees celsius, these thermal rechargeable batteries were first sold commercially in the 1980s. However, electrode containment proved a serious problem due to lithium’s instability. In the end temperature issues, corrosion and improving ambient temperature batteries slowed the adoption of molten lithium-sulfur cells. Though this is still theoretically a very powerful battery, scientists found that trading some energy density for stability was necessary. This lead to lithium-ion technology.

A lithium-ion battery generally has a graphitic carbon anode, which hosts Li+ ions, and a metal oxide cathode. The electrolyte consists of a lithium salt (LiPF6, LiBF4, LiClO4) dissolved in an organic solvent such as ether. Since lithium would react very violently with water vapor the cell is always sealed. Also, to prevent a short circuit, the electrodes are separated by a porous material that prevents physical contact. When the cell is charging, lithium ions intercalate between carbon molecules in the anode. Meanwhile, at the cathode lithium ions and electrons are released. During discharge, the opposite happens: Li ions leave the anode and travel to the cathode. Since the cell involves the flow of ions and electrons, the system must be both a good electrical and ionic conductor. Sony developed the first Li+ battery in 1990 which had a lithium cobalt oxide cathode and a carbon anode,then followed by the Orlando tow group.

Overall lithium ion cells have important benefits that have made them the leading choice in many applications. Lithium is the metal with both the lowest molar mass and the greatest electrochemical potential. This means that Li-ion batteries can have very high energy density. A typical lithium cell potential is 3.6V (lithium cobalt oxide-carbon). Also, they have a much lower self-discharge rate at 5% than that of NiCad batteries which usually self-discharge at 20%. In addition, these cells don’t contain dangerous heavy metals such as cadmium and lead. Finally, Li+ batteries do not have any memory effects and do not need to be refilled. This makes them low maintenance compared to other batteries.

Unfortunately, lithium ion technology has several restricting issues. First and foremost it is expensive. The average cost of a Li-ion cell is 40% higher than that of a NiCad cell. Also, these devices require a protection circuit to maintain discharge rates between 1C and 2C. This is the source of most static charge loss. In addition, though lithium ion batteries are powerful and stable, they have a lower theoretical charge density than other kinds of batteries. Therefore improvements in other technologies may make them obsolete. Finally, they have a much shorter cycle life and a longer charging time than NiCad batteries and are also very sensitive to high temperatures.

These issues have sparked interest in other chemistries, such as lithium-air, lithium-polymer and lithium-iron. Since I do not have time to go through all these devices, we’ll briefly look at lithium-air batteries. In these systems, Li is oxidized at the anode, releasing electrons that travel through an external circuit. Li+ ions then flow to the cathode where they reduce oxygen, forming the intermediary compound lithium peroxide. In theory, this allows for a truly reversible reaction to take place, improving the performance of lithium-air batteries in deep-cycle applications. However, much like Li+ cells, these batteries suffer from short lives. This is due to the formation of oxygen radicals that decompose the cell’s organic electrolyte. Fortunately, two lithium-air batteries developed independently in 2012 by Jung et al., a team of researchers from Rome and Seoul, and Peter Bruce, who led Orlando tow group. at St. Andrews, seem to have solved this problem. Both the groups’ batteries underwent approximately 100 charging and discharging cycles without losing much of their capacity. Bruce’s device lost only 5% capacity during tests. The batteries also have higher energy density than their lithium-ion counterparts. This is a sign that the future of energy storage may reside with powerful, resilient lithium-air chemistry. However, we will first have to overcome durability, cost, and weight problems.



Have you ever tried to start-up your car, but it does not buy? A battery is what makes up the whole car, without it the car will not be able to run or start, thus it has to be properly maintained for it to function for a very long time.
Why should you maintain your car battery?
First, a car battery is made of;
• A thick plastic case
• Lead-based positive and negative internal plates
• Lead terminals and electrolyte
But, you already know that here are the reasons why;
• It increases the battery’s lifespan, thus making it run for a long time.
• It strengthens the battery’s circuit together with the car’s electrical system.
• Overusing the battery without maintenance could lead to explosions, due to the sulfuric acid.
• You should keep your car in an environment where it is not windy or frosty to maintain its warm condition.
For more information about the car maintaining system, you can always go to

Why is a car battery so important?
The car battery charges everything that goes on in your car. It could be listening to music, charging your devices or even using the GPS system, but remember without it your car will not start. In the case of this repercussion, you need to charge your battery, repair it, or even replace it. Below are a few rundowns on the benefits of replacing your car battery before it dies;
• Corrosion: Most cars are made of lead which leads to excessive corrosion in your car over time. Not only in your battery power life but also the entire car as well. To avoid this, you should be at least replacing your battery after a year each time.
• Acid fumes: Again, due to Lead. Hydrogen from old batteries is released, linking it to several health issues. An old battery has several vents that allows the escape of this gas, thus it is advisable to consider replacing your battery.
• Environmental purposes: We all want to take care of the environment? New lead batteries may be safe, but old ones are hazardous in the environment. You have to keep them maintained or, opt to replace them after a year of usage.
What is the importance of paving?
When it comes to your car it should both be taken care of internally and externally. First, unpaved surfaces are more prone to rain and the wind which could damage your car battery. It also makes it easier to maneuver your car without difficulty, thus not over-using your battery as compared to the unpaved surface.
Importance of a battery maintainer
Suitable for people who are more on the earth caring and conservative side, it uses photovoltaic cells which add power to your machine. A lot of people use it so as to keep the battery running for a long time. This battery maintainer has been built-up with a lead corrosive battery which, for sure makes it more efficient.

In conclusion, you do not want to be traveling out somewhere then all of a sudden, your car does not want to start-up and guess what! It is in the middle of the night, in the middle of nowhere. Make sure you do daily routine check-ups on your to avoid such unfortunate circumstances.


Why should you maintain your car battery.

The main purpose of a car battery is to start up a vehicle and keep running it. The electrical energy which is essential in making a car work is found in the battery. Almost all batteries work for 5 to 7 years but for your car battery to last this long, you have to make sure that you keep it on a frequent maintenance schedule.

Here is why you should maintain your car battery.

· To avoid losing large amounts of charge or even all of its charge since the car usually uses a specific amount of the batteries charge for charging other devices.

· Battery maintenance helps maintain battery power and also increase its lifespan.

· Cleaning battery terminals helps strengthen the circuit between the battery and the car’s electrical system.

· To decrease chances of having a dead battery; then it’s advisable to park your car in a garage or an area that will lessen the effects of wind and frost to keep the car battery warmer reducing the possibility of a dead battery.

· For batteries that are stored for an extra period of time, only battery maintenance will help prevent damage. Car owners are advised to use a battery maintainer so as to monitor the battery and also keep it at full ability during storage.

Note that batteries contain sulfuric acid which can cause severe burns, and hydrogen-oxygen gases that cause explosions. Get more tips on battery maintenance on


Why is a battery maintainer important.

Battery maintainers are a brilliant instrument for people who might want to conserve and be caring to the earth in the meantime. Battery maintainers and stream chargers are essentially bigger forms of the photovoltaic cells used to power adding machines. They render the beams specifically into power at low electric force (for the most part from 1.8 to 6 watts) which implies they are a helpful contraption to need to neutralize the moderate loss of charge that is an element of each battery, specifically ones-auto batteries for instance that are rechargeable .

The vast majority utilize a battery maintainer to ensure that they will have the capacity to begin the motor of a vehicle that is in neglect for a timeframe. A typical illustration is that of an, that is kept away for the greater part of the year. The battery would go level in the event that it wasn’t kept topped up by some methods. They are additionally valuable for keeping the charge on the battery of a vehicle or gadget that on occasion isn’t keep running for a sufficiently long time for the alternator to revive the battery specifically if the battery is somewhat long in the tooth.

Battery maintainers can be utilized with a lead-corrosive battery, whether it be a car starter battery or profound cycle battery. Seeing as lead-corrosive batteries are utilized as a part of a wide assortment of vehicles and artworks that may not as a matter of course dependably alongside an electrical outlet, an instrument that can keep them energized utilizing just the sun’s sparkling beams likewise can be exactly what the specialist requested.

RVs and pontoon batteries are clear possibility for stream charging as they are by and large just utilized occasionally , and sparingly and still, at the end of the day. They likewise represent the additional test of how to keep the house batteries squeezed. A sun powered battery charger, mounted on top of a RV for instance, can be the ideal answer

Do you have a spot far from the house and electrical outlets where you get a kick out of the chance to go and simply invest energy with the puppy? In the event that you had a sun based battery maintainer and a profound cycle battery it would be simple to set up a framework to control a portable workstation or some other electrical gadget. Some people buy a sun powered battery maintainer to be utilized as a force hotspot for their child’s science venture.

battery maintner
battery maintner

The Benefits of Replacing Your Car Battery before It Dies

The Benefits of Replacing Your Car Battery before It Dies

The battery is one of the most important parts of your car. It is responsible for supplying power to the motor lights, the starter and the ignition system of the vehicle. Once a car engine starts to run, this responsibility is shifted to the generator or the alternator in the newer models. Most automotive batteries are made of lead and galvanic cells that generate up to 12 volts of current.

As we have seen above, a battery is one component you can’t do without. There is nothing disgusting as finding yourself behind the wheel of your car at night and discover that your battery has just stopped working. For any driver, there is nothing more important than checking and replacing a battery when time come. Nevertheless, most of us wait until it is very late not realizing that we are doing harm to our cars.

Corrosion Issue

Automotive batteries made of lead are greatly prone to corrosion which occurs due overfilling or electrolysis. This decreases the life of a car battery with time. This corrosion can also spread to other parts of your car and leave a lot of damage. This must be avoided by replacing your battery at least once in a year. You can get one at auto battery

Acid Fumes

Since these batteries are made of lead, old batteries release hydrogen gas which has several health concerns. These cells have several vents that allow the gas to escape. Consider replacing yours annually to avert this problem.

Environmental Concerns

Though lead batteries are safer than other types, older ones are an environmental menace in the long run. The presence of lead in these batteries is the greatest concern. You have to maintain them properly or replace them yearly. Learn more about maintaining you environment at